Hammer Nutrition Blog

Hammer Nutrition Missoula XC

Posted by admin on 06/19/2013 in News | 1 Comment »

The Missoula XC racecourse is being designed and constructed specifically for this event, and will reflect the contemporary World Cup course template. Steep, technical climbs and descents will alternate between single track, double track, and infrequent dirt road sections. Frequent and sudden rhythm changes will challenge racers, but several sequences of fast and fun sections will be included as well. The course features over 850 feet (275 m) of relief per lap; while it is not at extremely high altitude, multiple long, steep climbs per lap will test racers’ fitness limits.

-Race Director, Ben Horan


Posted by Myke Hermsmeyer on 06/18/2013 in News | No Comments »


Steve Born, Hammer Nutrition's Fueling Expert

Steve Born

Steve’s decade-plus of involvement in the sports nutrition industry, as well as nearly 15 years of independent research in nutritional fueling and supplementation, has given him unmatched familiarity with the myriad product choices available to athletes.

Updated 06/2011

Over the past eleven + years, many of the athletes I’ve worked with have been reluctant to adopt these plans, until they actually try them. Then they’re convinced by their improved performance, and they never go back to the conventional advice. The recommendations in this article may seem counter-intuitive, but physiologically speaking, they make perfect sense. Adopt and use them consistently in your training and watch your performance soar!

How many times have you had a bite (or more) from an energy bar, taken a swig (or more) from an energy drink, or eaten a meal just an hour or two before starting a lengthy workout or taking your position at the starting line of a long distance race? Big mistake! Eating this soon before prolonged exercise is actually counterproductive and will hurt your performance. In the sometimes confusing world of sports supplementation and fueling, pre-exercise food/fuel consumption generates arguably the greatest confusion, and many athletes have paid a hefty performance price for their misinformation. But really, there’s no insider secret regarding what to do for a pre-workout/race meal, just some effective strategies and guidelines. You need to know what to eat, how much, and most importantly, when. You also need to know a bit about glycogen storage, depletion, and resupply, and how to use that knowledge at the practical level. This article supplies all of the information you need, and I’ve also included some suggested meals, equally appropriate for workouts as well as competition.

The goal of pre-exercise calorie consumption

Assuming that your workout or race starts in the morning, the purpose of your pre-race meal is to top off liver glycogen stores, which your body has expended during your night of sleep. Muscle glycogen, the first fuel recruited when exercise commences, remains intact overnight. If you had a proper recovery meal after your last workout, you’ll have a full load of muscle glycogen on board, which constitutes about 80% of your total glycogen stores. If you didn’t re-supply with complex carbs and protein after your last workout, there’s nothing you can do about it now; in fact, you’ll only hurt yourself by trying. To repeat: during sleep, your liver-stored glycogen maintains proper blood glucose level; you expend nary a calorie of your muscle glycogen. You might wake up feeling hungry, and I’ll discuss that issue later, but you’ll have a full supply of muscle-stored glycogen, your body’s first used and main energy source. Your stomach might be saying, “I’m hungry,” but your muscles are saying, “Hey, we’re good to go!”

With only your liver-stored glycogen to top off, you want a light pre-race nutrition meal. Sports nutrition expert Bill Misner, Ph.D., advises that a pre-workout/race meal should be “an easily digested, high complex carbohydrate meal of between 200-400 calories with a minimum of fiber, simple sugar, and fat.” That’s hardly what most folks would call a meal, but in terms of pre-exercise fueling, it’s meal enough. According to Dr. Misner, fat slows digestion and has no positive influence on fuels metabolized during an event. He further states that a meal high in fiber may “create the call for an unscheduled and undesirable bathroom break in the middle or near the end of the event.”

Complex carbohydrates & protein

One study found that athletes who drank a meal consisting of both carbohydrates and a small amount of protein had better performances than when they consumed only an all-carbohydrate sports drink.

If you do feel the need for solid food instead of a liquid fuel meal, choose high starch foods such as skinless potatoes, bananas, rice, pasta, plain bagels, low fat active culture yogurt, tapioca, and low fiber hot cereals.

The key – Allow three hours or more!

Equally as important as what you eat is when you eat your pre-exercise meal. Authorities such as Dr. Misner, Dr. Michael Colgan, and Dr. David Costill all agree that the pre-race meal should be eaten 3-4 hours prior to the event. Dr. Misner suggests the athlete “leave three hours minimum to digest foods eaten at breakfast. After breakfast, drink 10-12 ounces of fluid each hour up to 30 minutes prior to the start (24-30 ounces total fluid intake).” Note: other acceptable pre-race fluid intake suggestions can be found in the article Hydration – What You Need To Know.

Three hours allows enough time for your body to fully process the meal. Colgan says it’s the digestion time necessary to avoid intestinal distress. Costill’s landmark study [Costill DL. Carbohydrates for exercise. Dietary demand for optimal performance. Int J Sports 1988;9:1-18] shows that complex carbohydrates taken 3-4 hours prior to exercise raise blood glucose and improve performance. But it’s Misner’s argument that has proved most compelling to me.

Dr. Misner’s rationale – It’s all in the timing

If you consume high glycemic carbohydrates such as simple sugars (or even the preferred complex carbohydrates such as starches and maltodextrins) within three hours of exercise, you can expect the following, with possible negative effects on performance:

    1. Rapidly elevated blood sugar causes excess insulin release, leading to hypoglycemia, an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood.


    1. High insulin levels inhibit lipid mobilization during aerobic exercise, which means reduced fats-to-fuels conversion. Our ability to utilize stored fatty acids as energy largely determines our performance, which is why we can continue to exercise when our caloric intake falls far below our energy expenditure. We want to enhance, not impede, our stored fat utilization pathways.


  1. A high insulin level will induce blood sugar into muscle cells, which increases the rate of carbohydrate metabolism, hence rapid carbohydrate fuel depletion. In simple terms: high insulin means faster muscle glycogen depletion.

You must complete your pre-workout/race fueling three or more hours prior to the start to allow adequate time for insulin and blood glucose to normalize. After three hours, hormonal balance is restored, and you won’t be at risk for increased glycogen depletion. Eating within three hours of a training session or race promotes faster release/depletion of both liver and muscle glycogen and inhibits fat utilization. The combination of accelerated glycogen depletion and disruption of your primary long-distance fuel availability can devastate your performance.

But I’m hungry!

Recall that I mentioned earlier that muscle glycogen, the main fuel recruited for the first 60-90 minutes of exercise, remains unaffected by a nightlong fast. When you awaken in the morning, you haven’t lost your primary fuel supply, and can’t add to it by eating within an hour or two of exercise. That’s absolutely correct, and believe it or not, being hungry before an event won’t inhibit performance.

However, hard-training athletes often do wake up very hungry and feel they need to eat something before their workout or race. This is especially true for half and full iron-distance triathletes, who start very early in the morning in the water, swimming for up to an hour or more where consuming food is not possible.

What to do? Try either of the following suggestions to help with this problem:

    1. Just start anyway, realizing that hunger is not a performance inhibitor, and begin fueling shortly after you start, when you get into a comfortable rhythm. The hunger sensation will diminish almost as soon as you begin to exercise, and you’ll actually be benefiting, not hurting, your performance by following this procedure. You can safely use Sustained Energy, Perpetuem, HEED, or Hammer Gel, or any combination thereof, as soon as you want after exercise commences. For details regarding appropriate amounts, please refer to the article Proper Caloric Intake During Endurance Exercise.


  1. If you feel that you absolutely must eat, consume 100-200 calories about five minutes before start time. By the time these calories are digested and blood sugar levels are elevated, you’ll be well into your workout or race, and glycogen depletion will not be negatively affected. In this regard, good choices are one or two servings of Hammer Gel or a generous drink from a premixed bottle of Sustained Energy or Perpetuem. This strategy is especially appropriate for triathletes who will hit the water first and not have a chance to replenish calories right away. Small amounts of nutrient-dense fuels, such as those named above, go a long way to stanching hunger pangs.

Are there any exceptions to the three-hour rule?

When you’re engaged in training sessions or races in the 90-minute range or shorter (personally, I prefer an hour limit), fasting three hours prior to the start is not necessary. Consuming some easily digested calories an hour or two prior to the start will not negatively affect performance, and may actually enhance it. Here’s why:

As we’ve discussed earlier, when you consume calories sooner than three hours prior to the start of a workout or race, you accelerate the rate at which your body burns its finite amounts of muscle glycogen stores. In events lasting longer than 60-90 minutes, refraining from calorie consumption for the three-hour period prior to the start is crucial because you want to preserve your glycogen stores, not accelerate their depletion. Muscle glycogen is the first fuel that the body will use when exercise commences, and your body only has a limited supply of this premium fuel. If your workout or race goes beyond the 60-90 minute mark, you don’t want to do anything that will accelerate muscle glycogen utilization.


Q: Should I get up during the wee hours of the morning just to get in a meal three hours before my race or workout?

A: NO – rest will help you more. Much restorative physiology occurs during sleep, so don’t sacrifice sleep just to eat. If you’re a fit athlete, one who has been replenishing carbohydrates immediately after each exercise session, you have approximately 60-90 minutes of muscle glycogen, your premium fuel, available. As long as you begin fueling shortly after the workout or race begins, perhaps 10-20 minutes after the start, your performance will not be affected negatively. Topping off liver glycogen stores is always a good idea, but not at the expense of sacrificing sleep, and certainly not at the expense of depleting muscle glycogen stores too quickly (by eating too soon before exercise).

However, when you consume calories within three hours of a race, that’s exactly what will happen; you’ll increase the rate at which your glycogen is burned.

During shorter distance races, however, accelerated rates of glycogen depletion/utilization are not problematic. You don’t need the calories for energy, but the presence of carbohydrates will elevate glycogen utilization. In a short race, that’s what you want.

Dr. Misner explains that prior to shorter-duration bouts of exercise, “& consuming a few easily digested carbohydrates [such as a serving or two of HEED or Hammer Gel] will advance performance, because carbohydrates consumed prior to exercise make the body super-expend its glycogen stores like a flood gate wide open.” In other words, if you eat something 1-2 hours prior to the start of a short-duration training session or race, thus causing the insulin “flood gates” to open, yes, you will be depleting your glycogen stores at maximum rates. However, at this distance it’s a beneficial effect, as glycogen depletion is not an issue when the workout or race is over within at most 90 minutes.

This advice assumes that you have been effectively refueling your body after each workout, as this is the primary way to increase muscle glycogen (see the article Recovery – A crucial component of athletic success for details).

Bottom line: Fast three hours prior to the start of a longer-duration event (60-90+ minutes). For shorter events, consuming a small amount of fuel an hour to two prior to the start may enhance performance.

Pre-exercise fuel recommendations

  • Eat a pre-race meal of 200-400 calories at least three hours before exercise.
  • Focus on complex carbs, starches, and a little protein for your pre-race meal.
  • Avoid high fiber, simple sugars, and high fat in your pre-race meal.
  • If you must, consume a small amount of your supplemental fuel (Hammer Gel, etc.) about five minutes before exercise.
  • Make sure that you re-supply your muscle glycogen by eating a good recovery meal after your workouts.

Any of these pre-race meal suggestions will keep you in the preferred 200-400 calorie range:

  • Three scoops of Sustained Energy
  • Two scoops of Sustained Energy flavored with one serving of Hammer Gel or one scoop of HEED
  • Two to three servings of Hammer Gel or two to three scoops of HEED fortified with one scoop of Sustained Energy
  • Two to two and a half scoops of Perpetuem
  • One white flour bagel and a half cup of active yogurt
  • A banana and a cup of active yogurt
  • Cream of Rice, sweetened with a serving of Hammer Gel
  • One soy protein-enhanced pancake, sweetened with a serving of Hammer Gel
  • Half of a skinless baked potato topped with a half cup of plain active yogurt

For more detailed and scientifically-referenced information regarding this topic, please read Dr. Misner’s article The Science Behind the Hammer Nutrition Pre-Race Meal Protocol, found in the in the Endurance Library portion of the KNOWLEDGE section.


Though the recommendations outlined in this article may seem counterintuitive, they make perfect sense physiologically speaking. Apply them consistently and watch how well your body responds.

Over the years we’ve noted that most athletes are very skeptical about our pre-exercise recommendations, probably because it’s a concept that they’ve never heard of before and/or because it doesn’t appear to make sense. However, over the course of more than 24 years we can honestly say that we’ve yet to have one athlete tell us that the principles outlined in the article didn’t work.

Applying these steps regarding pre-exercise calorie consumption for all your workouts will definitely enhance the quality of each and every one of them. Then, follow these same recommendations prior to your races and enjoy the distinct and noticeable advantage you’ll have.

For more detailed and scientifically-referenced information regarding this topic, please read Dr. Misner’s article The Science Behind the Hammer Nutrition Pre-Race Meal Protocol, found in the Endurance Library portion of the KNOWLEDGE section at www.hammernutrition.com.


Getting Started With Hammer Nutrition

Some essential knowledge republished from our knowledge base on how to get started with Hammer Nutrition products.

More articles and tips from Hammer Nutrition are available here.

Top 5 things you need to get off on the right foot.

  1. Keep fluid intake during exercise between 16-28 ounces per hour.

    HYDRATION: What You Need to Know
    What Is Hyponatremia? Am I At Risk?

    FACT: In general, most athletes, under most conditions, will satisfy hydration needs with a fluid intake in the range of 20-25-ounces/hour – roughly the equivalent of a standard size small or large water bottle. Lighter athletes and/or athletes exercising in cool weather conditions may only require an intake of 16-18 ounces/hour. Larger athletes and/or athletes exercising under very hot and humid conditions are the ones that can consider a fluid intake in the range of 28 ounces/hour, perhaps up to 30 ounces/hour in extreme conditions. It’s important to remember that regular fluid intake over 30-34 ounces hourly significantly increases the potential for serious performance and health problems.

  2. Restrict caloric intake to 300 cal/hr during exercise.

    Less is Best – The right way to fuel
    Proper Caloric Intake During Endurance Events
    The Hammer Nutrition Fuels – What They Are, How To Use Them

    FACT: Your body can’t process caloric intake anywhere near your expenditure rate. If you want to achieve your best performance, DO NOT follow the “calories out, calories in” protocol that some “experts” recommend. Instead, replenish calories in “body cooperative” amounts, allowing your fat stores to make up the difference, which they will easily do. For most athletes, 240-300 calories/hour will do the job. For lighter athletes, 180-200 calories/hour may be perfectly adequate, while larger athletes (190+ lbs) can consider hourly intakes of 300 to slightly over 300 calories/hour.

  3. Avoid simple sugars in your fuels; use complex carbohydrates only. For workouts or races in the 2- to 3-hour or longer range, 10-15% of the calorie content in your fuel should come in the form of protein, ideally soy protein. This protein donation helps satisfy energy requirements more completely while also helping prevent muscle tissue catabolism.

    Simple Sugars and Complex Carbohydrates – An Incompatible Combination
    Fructose – Negative Impact On Energy Production

    FACT: Simple sugars (glucose, sucrose, fructose, etc.) are inefficient fuels for exercise, and they’re health hazards when consumed regularly in typical dietary quantities. These “ose” sugars give you energy peaks and crashes, and they also have a severe limitation on absorption. They need to be mixed in weak concentrations for efficient digestion, which means you can only intake about 100 cal/hr. You can consume more, but you can’t absorb more. You’ll only get sick trying. Complex carbohydrates, however, absorb at about three times the rate as simple sugars. Plus you get smooth, steady, reliable energy – no peaks and valleys.

  4. Supplemental electrolytes in a balanced formula (not just salt!) should be taken in amounts appropriate to the heat, humidity and personal metabolic characteristics of the athlete.

    Electrolyte Replenishment

    FACT: Sodium chloride (salt) is indeed an important component of electrolyte replenishment but it does not fulfill the entire requirements. Calcium, magnesium, and potassium should be replenished as well as all these minerals play key roles in the maintenance of many important body functions. Additionally, body weight, fitness level, weather conditions, acclimatization level, and biological predisposition all greatly affect electrolyte depletion and the need for replenishment, which is why a “one-size fits all” bottled drink or drink mix usually won’t work. Electrolyte depletion is widely variable, which is why the hourly Endurolytes dose can range from 1-6 capsules/hr. That being said, 2-3 capsules of Endurolytes hourly is a good starting point. Certainly there will be occasions when 1-2 Endurolytes will be completely adequate; on hot-weather workouts or races, it may be necessary to consume 5-6 Endurolytes hourly.

  5. Replenish your body with carbohydrates and protein as soon as possible after each exercise session, ideally within the first 30-60 minutes.

    Recovery – A Crucial Component For Athletic Success
    Post-Exercise Meal: Carbs Alone or Carbs + Protein?

    FACT: Equally important as your workout (muscle exhaustion and nutrient depletion) is what you do immediately following your workout (muscle repair and nutrient replenishment). If you neglect to “refill the tank” as soon as possible after your training sessions you’ll never get the full value out of all the work you just put in. Give your body what it needs immediately after exercise, when it’s most receptive to replenishment, and it will respond wonderfully-recovering faster, efficiently adapting to physical stress, and “learning” how to store more and more readily available fuel in the muscles.


L-Carnitine – Is it good or bad for your heart?

Posted by cvanloan on 04/09/2013 in News | 1 Comment »

Recently, there has been some negative press on l-carnitine in the news. In a nutshell, the results of this study, published online in the journal Nature Medicine, suggest that orally dosed l-carnitine is metabolized by intestinal bacteria to produce a substance called trimethylamine (TMA), which is further metabolized into trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). It is theorized that TMAO prevents of excess cholesterol from being excreted, thus allowing it to infiltrate artery walls, which is being studied as a possible culprit for increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Sounds a bit scary, doesn’t it? But does that mean that l-carnitine supplementation puts you at risk? Let’s take a closer look at l-carnitine in general, and this recent study and its implications.

First, however, it’s important to keep in mind the axiom, “If a little is good, a lot is not necessarily better.” Even the basic substances required for life can be overdosed or under-dosed, contributing to harmful life-threatening consequences. Examples of excess or depletion extremes are water, sodium, and carbohydrate substances:

  • Water depletion/dehydration can kill you, but too much water (“water Intoxication”) is also lethal.
  • Too little sodium is known as hyponatremia, a life-threatening emergency. Too much sodium results in hypernatremia, which also has potentially fatal consequences.
  • Too much sugar or carbohydrates has been associated with diabetic issues, yet when the blood glucose turnover is excessive, consuming carbohydrates during exercise is safe and recommended.

Essential for athletic performance, heart health, and more

L-carnitine is a natural substance found in food; however, it is not considered an essential nutrient because the body can make it from the amino acids lysine and methionine. L-carnitine is the nutrient that transports fatty acids to the mitochondria for use as a fuel source, and research shows that muscle carnitine levels are rapidly depleted during exercise, even moderate exercise.

A number of published studies on athletes have shown that l-carnitine supplementation supports exercise performance. Athletes have a requirement for more carnitine than they are capable of producing endogenously (inside the body). L-carnitine may be particularly important during periods of intense exercise as it may help to reduce post-exercise lactic acid accumulation and may increase maximal work output. It may also preserve muscle glycogen levels during exercise.

As reported in the majority of studies, an increase in maximal oxygen consumption and a lowering of the respiratory quotient indicate that dietary l-carnitine has the potential to stimulate lipid metabolism (e.g. the utilization of fatty acids for fuel). Treatment with l-carnitine has also been shown to induce a significant post-exercise decrease in plasma lactate, which is formed and used continuously under fully aerobic conditions. Data from preliminary studies have indicated that l-carnitine supplementation can attenuate the deleterious effects of hypoxic (low oxygen) training and speed up recovery from exercise stress. Recent data have indicated that l-carnitine plays a decisive role in the prevention of cellular damage and favorably affects recovery from exercise stress. [1-7]

Additionally, among its other benefits for brain, body composition, and mitochondrial health, l-carnitine is essential for normal heart function. [8, 9]


So what does this particular study mean for me?

While this study is certainly intriguing, it’s important to keep in mind that the study subjects—both humans and mice—were given “chronic” amounts of l-carnitine. While we do not know how much was given to these test subjects, previous research done on humans suggests that a very large amount of l-carnitine—2 grams, three times daily (6 grams total/day)—is required for significant increases of plasma TMAO. Other dosages (0.0g, 0.5g, and 1.0g) administered three times daily—a total of 0.0g, 1.5g, and 3g total per day—showed no change in plasma increases of TMAO.

REFERENCE: Bain MA, Milne RW, Evans AM. J Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Oct;46(10):1163-70. Disposition and metabolite kinetics of oral L-carnitine in humans. Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.


Athletes can safely consume l-carnitine in supplement form to justify replacement. If you are consuming supplemental l-carnitine, we recommend keeping your totals in the range of 2000 mg (2g) per day. A non-athlete who consumes large amounts of meats that contain l-carnitine does not need to supplement this substance. Animal meat not only generates bodily carnitine increases, it also generates a protein structure that drives weight gain, growth factors, and plaque formation. If not derived from naturally raised grass-fed animals, there are other harmful substances found in meats that over time may prove harmful to health. Overall, we recommend not overconsuming substances from the animal kingdom that drive cholesterol accumulation on artery walls.

L-carnitine levels in foods (per 100 grams)

  • Lamb – 190 mg
  • Beef – 94 – 145 mg
  • Pork – 28 mg
  • Poultry and Seafood – 1.6 – 6.4 mg

L-carnitine in Hammer Nutrition products

  • Mito Caps – 125 mg/capsule
  • Perpetuem – 25 mg/scoop
  • Perpetuem Solids – 6 mg/tablet
  • Sustained Energy – 16.6 mg/scoop



1. Brass, E. P., et al.  The role of carnitine and carnitine supplementation during exercise in man and in individuals with special needs.  J Am Coll Nutr.  17:207-215, 1998.

2. Dragan, I. G., et al.  Studies concerning the ergogenic value of protein supply and l-carnitine in elite junior cyclists. Physiologie.  25(3):129-132, 1988.

3. Cerretelli, P., et al.  L-carnitine supplementation in humans. The effects on physical performance.  Int J Sports Med.  11(1):1-14, 1990.

4. Karlic, H., et al.  Supplementation of l-carnitine in athletes: does it make sense?  Nutrition.  20(7-8):709-715, 2004.

5. Lancha, A., et al.  Effect of aspartate, asparagine, and carnitine supplementation in the diet and metabolism of skeletal muscle during moderate exercise.  Physiol Behav.  57(2):367-371, 1995.

6. Lennon, D. L. F., et al.  Effects of acute moderate-intensity exercise on carnitine metabolism in men and women. J Applied Physiology.  55:489, 1983.

7. Siliprandi, N., et al.  Metabolic changes induced by maximal exercise in human subjects following L-carnitine administration. Biochem Biophys Acta. 1034(1):17-21, 1990.

8. Chao HH, Chen CH, Liu JC, Lin JW, Wong KL, Cheng TH. L-Carnitine attenuates angiotensin II-induced proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts: role of NADPH oxidase inhibition and decreased sphingosine-1-phosphate generation. J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Jul;21(7):580-8.

9. Gomez LA, Heath SH, Hagen TM. Acetyl-L-carnitine supplementation reverses the age-related decline in carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) activity in interfibrillar mitochondria without changing the L-carnitine content in the rat heart. Mech Ageing Dev. 2012 Feb-Mar;133(2-3):99-106.

Just in from Missoula, the Hammer Nutrition Missoula XC is a go this July!

Posted by pgrove on 03/16/2012 in News | 1 Comment »

Photo credit Tom Robertson, tomrobertsonphoto.com

It’s not often that a national caliber event (of any sport) takes place in Montana, so when they do it creates quite a stir. Last spring when some core Missoula mountain bikers told us they we’re putting on a brand new mountain bike race, and that it was part of the US Pro XCT, our reactions included a range between “Really?!” and “Awesome!”. We sponsored the event site unseen with Hammer Gel, HEED and Recoverite last summer and the race blew away all expectations. Over a thousand spectators came out to watch the main event, and celebrate the sport of mountain biking in Missoula, Montana, which sits only a couple hours . So a couple weeks ago when the opportunity presented itself for Hammer Nutrition to become the title sponsor of the Missoula XC, we just couldn’t say no! We’re happy to help bring national level mountain biking to Montana, and showcase our great products alongside the sports elite. Here’s a few words from the Missoula XC technical director, Ben Horan, about just how special this race is becoming:

Inspired by the success of the internationally acclaimed Missoula Marathon, the Hammer Nutrition Missoula Pro XCT was conceived of and implemented by a passionate core of cycling and community activists who share a love of cycling and of the community. The race is an event that provides a super venue for pros, rallies amateurs from the region, and brings a great event to a great town. It’s about having fun and involving as many different people as possible.

The Hammer Nutrition Missoula XC race course received rave reviews from professional racers and amateurs alike, and was designed and constructed specifically for this event. It reflects the contemporary World Cup course philosophy. Steep, technical climbs and descents alternate between single track, double track, and infrequent dirt road sections. Frequent and sudden rhythm changes challenge racers, but several sequences of fast and fun sections are included as well. The course features over 850 feet of climbing per lap; while it is not at extremely high altitude, multiple long, steep climbs per lap test racers’ fitness limits.

In 2011, hometown favorite Sam Schultz snagged the win over teammate Jeremy Horgan-Kobelski and Pro XCT Series winner, Max Plaxton, while Lea Davidson put on a clinic to win her first Pro XCT race ahead of Heather Irmiger and Katerina Nash. With this race as the final domestic test before the Olympics in London, and newly donning UCI C1 credentials all of the heavy hitters are sure to turn up with guns blazing. Come on out to test your mettle on the same tread as Olympians, or just have a cold Kettlehouse beer and cheer on your friends on July 14, 2012 at the Hammer Nutrition Missoula XC.


2011 Race Across America (RAAM)

Posted by cvanloan on 06/27/2011 in News | 1 Comment »

The 2011 Race Across America (RAAM), an event that Hammer Nutrition has been a major sponsor of for many years, is in the books and we want to congratulate all of the competitors for their tremendous effort in “The World’s Toughest Bicycle Race.”   Continue Reading »

Another Win in Baja for Team Pulsar Construction/Hammer Nutrition

Posted by pgrove on 03/18/2011 in News | No Comments »

Team Pulsar Construction/ Hammer Nutrition at the Tecate SCORE San Felipe 250

Simi Valley, CA – Along the narrow loop extending from San Felipe, Mexico, adjacent to the Sea of Cortez, the world’s fastest gather to tackle the tough terrain to the finish line. Nearly 250 entries gather to compete over 250 miles of desert racing along a course that is considered, “The Best of Baja.” In a race filled with silt, jagged rocks, narrow passes between walls of rock, and sections of shattering speed, only the world’s finest find themselves up front at the finish. Continue Reading »

Branched Chain Amino Acid (BCAA) May Help Reduce Weight Gain

Branched chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation may help reduce risk of weight gain

In mid-December 2010 a study was reported in the online version of the Journal of Nutrition. The results of this study suggest that there is an association between an increased intake of BCAAs (l-leucine, l-isoleucine, and l-valine) and a reduced risk of obesity and becoming overweight.
Continue Reading »

Idebenone – The unheralded but powerful component of Race Caps Supreme

Idebenone The unheralded but powerful component of Race Caps Supreme

Author: Steve Born

“Ideba what?”  That’s what people often say when they first encounter this relatively unknown nutrient, pronounced eye-DEB-uh-known. So unknown, in fact, that I believe we’re the only athletic supplement company that uses this incredibly beneficial nutrient. In over two decades that I’ve studied nutritional supplements, I’ve become extremely fond of many nutrients. I’d say that idebenone shares the top rung with old favorites such as lipoic acid (the “r” isomer form), l-carnitine, carnosine, and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). Continue Reading »

Sea Otter Classic and Hammer Nutrition, we’re going back to California!

Posted by pgrove on 02/11/2011 in News | 1 Comment »

HEED-Official Sports Drink of the Sea Otter Classic

After its humble beginnings in a kitchen in San Francisco, Hammer Nutrition has enjoyed the last fifteen years of its existence in Whitefish, Montana. Whitefish is a great place to work and play, but we’re well aware of our secluded location, and most of our sponsored events take place outside our home state. Continue Reading »